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Louisville - Town vs. County Stats

Louisville - Town vs. County Stats

Avg Price in Louisville: $321,900/Co. / County Avg $351,500

46%

Avg Sq. Ft. in Louisville: 2,426/Co. / County Avg 2,583

47%

Avg Price per/ft2 in Louisville: $133/Co. / County Avg $136

98%

Avg Walkscore in Louisville: 32 / County Avg 31

51%

Avg Year Built in Louisville: 1968/Co. / County Avg 1968

50%

Avg Days on Website in Louisville: 84/Co. / County Avg 87

48%

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Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 28th most populous city in the United States. It is the state's only designated first-class city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County.

Lousville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark and is named after King Louis XVI of France, making Louisville one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile (9,700 km) system across 13 states. Today the city is known as the home of the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken, the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies. Its main airport is also the site of UPS's worldwide air hub.

Since 2003, Louisville's borders have been coterminous with those of Jefferson County because of a city-county merger. The official name of this consolidated city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, with Louisville Metro used for short. Despite the merger and renaming, the term "Jefferson County" continues to be used in some contexts in reference to Louisville Metro, particularly including the incorporated cities outside the "balance" which make up Louisville proper. The city's total consolidated population as of the 2013 census estimate was 756,832. However, the balance total of 609,893 excludes other incorporated places and semi-autonomous towns within the county and is the population listed in most sources and national rankings.

The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), sometimes also referred to as Kentuckiana, includes Louisville-Jefferson County and twelve surrounding counties, eight in Kentucky and four in Southern Indiana. As of 2013, the MSA had a population of 1,262,261, ranking 43rd nationally.

Early history and founding
Painting of the head and shoulders of an older, gray-haired, balding man in a colonial-era military uniform (blue jacket with white lapels and gold epaullettes)
Louisville's founder, George Rogers Clark
The rapids at the Falls of the Ohio created a barrier to river travel and, as a result, settlements grew up at this stopping point. The first European settlement in the vicinity of modern-day Louisville was on Corn Island in 1778 by Col. George Rogers Clark, credited as the founder of Louisville. Several landmarks in the community are named after him.

Two years later, in 1780, the Virginia General Assembly approved the town charter of Louisville. The city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents lived in forts to protect themselves from Indian raids, but moved out by the late 1780s. In 1803, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark organized their expedition across America in the town of Clarksville, Indiana at the present-day Falls of the Ohio opposite Louisville, Kentucky.

19th century
The city's early growth was influenced by the fact that river boats had to be unloaded and moved downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population had swelled to 7,000 and Louisville became an incorporated city. The city grew rapidly in its formative years.

Louisville was a major shipping port and slaves worked in a variety of associated trades. The city was often a point of escape for slaves to the north, as Indiana was a free state.

During the Civil War, Louisville was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky firmly in the Union. It was the center of planning, supplies, recruiting and transportation for numerous campaigns, especially in the Western Theater. By the end of the war, Louisville had not been attacked, although skirmishes and battles, including the battles of Perryville and Corydon, took place nearby. After Reconstruction, returning Confederate veterans largely took political control of the city, leading to the jibe that Louisville joined the Confederacy after the war was over.

The first Kentucky Derby was held on May 17, 1875, at the Louisville Jockey Club track (later renamed Churchill Downs). The Derby was originally shepherded by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., the grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and grandnephew of the city's founder George Rogers Clark. Horse racing had a strong tradition in Kentucky, whose Inner Bluegrass Region had been a center of breeding high quality livestock throughout the 19th century. Ten thousand spectators watched the first Derby, where Aristides won.

On March 27, 1890 the city was devastated and its downtown nearly destroyed when an F4 tornado tore through as part of the middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak. An estimated 74 to 120 people were killed.

20th and 21st centuries
In late January and February 1937, 19 inches (48 cm) of rain fell during a month of heavy rain. It caused the "Great Flood of '37". The flood submerged about 70% of the city, caused the loss of power and forced the evacuation of 175,000 residents. It led to dramatic changes in where residents lived. Today, the city is protected by numerous flood walls. After the flood, the areas of high elevation in the eastern part of the city saw decades of residential growth.

Louisville was a center for factory war production during World War II. In May 1942, the U.S. government assigned the Curtiss-Wright Aircraft Company, a war plant located at Louisville's air field, for wartime aircraft production. The factory produced the C-46 Commando cargo plane, among other aircraft. In 1946 the factory was sold to International Harvester, which began large-scale production of tractors and agricultural equipment. In 1950, the Census Bureau reported Louisville's population as 84.3% white and 15.6% black.

Similar to many other older American cities, Louisville began to experience a movement of people and businesses to the suburbs in the 1960s and 1970s. Middle class residents used newly built freeways and interstate highways to commute to work, moving into more distant but newer housing. Because of tax laws, businesses found it cheaper to build new rather than renovate older buildings. Economic changes included a decline in local manufacturing. The West End and older areas of the South End, in particular, began to decline economically as many local factories closed.

In 1974, a major (F4) tornado hit Louisville as part of the Super Outbreak of tornadoes that struck 13 states. It covered 21 miles (34 km) and destroyed several hundred homes in the Louisville area. Only two people died.

Since the 1980s, many of the city's urban neighborhoods have been revitalized into areas popular with young professionals and college students. The greatest change has occurred along the Bardstown Road/Baxter Avenue and Frankfort Avenue corridors as well as the Old Louisville neighborhood. In recent years, such change has also occurred in the East Market District (NuLu).

Since the late 1990s, Downtown has experienced significant residential, tourist and retail growth, including the addition of major sports complexes KFC Yum! Center and Louisville Slugger Field, conversion of waterfront industrial sites into Waterfront Park, openings of varied museums (see Museums, galleries and interpretive centers below), and the refurbishing of the former Galleria into the bustling entertainment complex Fourth Street Live!, which opened in 2004.
Neighborhoods in Louisville KY
Anchorage
Arborgate
Artspace
Ashmoor Woods
Barbourmeade
Bardstown Woods
Bashford Manor Gard
Beaumont
Beech Spring Farm
Beechmont
Beechwood Village
Bellemeade
Bon Air Estates
Bonnycastle
Breckenridge Estates
Briargate
Bridgemore Estates
Bridges Of Razor Creek
Broadfields
Brookfield
Brookhaven
Brookhurst
Brookshire
Brownsboro Farms
California
Candlelight
Candlewood
Cardinal Oaks
Carol Fields
Catalpa Farms
Cedar Ridge
Cherokee Gardens
Cherokee Triangle
Clifton
Coach Gate
Coldstream
Colonial Hill
Cooper Farms
Coventry Place
Creekview
Crescent Hill
Crystal Waters
Deer Park
Doerhoefers
Douglass Hills
English Village
Estates Of St Anthony
Evergreen Point
Falls City Lofts
Falls Creek
Fincastle
Flat Rock Ridge
Fleur De Lis
Floyds Fork Estate
Forest Hills
Fox Run
Foxgate
Garden Of Eden
Gardiner Park
Germantown
Glenmary
Glenmary Estates
Glenmary Village
Glenview Hills
Golden Meadows
Grand
Greenwood Villa
Grey Ledge
Grey Oaks
Haldeman Terrace
Hamilton Springs
Harris
Heather Ridge
Heritage Creek
Hidden Forest
Highbaughs Powell
Highgate Springs
Highland Park
Highlands
Hills And Dales
Hillview
Holly Villa
Hunters Hill
Hunters Pointe
Hurstbourne
Hurstbourne Estate
Hurstbourne Heights
Hurstbourne Ridge
Indian Falls
Indian Hills
Iroquois Park Estates
Kensington Place
Kirkwood Glen
Korfhage
Lake Forest
Lake Forest Estates
Lake Forest Highlands
Lake Forest Legacy
Lakeside
Landherr Estates
Landis Lakes
Landis Springs
Lenox
Lexington Manor
Lillian
Limerick
Little Spring Farm
Locust Creek
Mansard House
Mcarthur Fields
Meadows At Polo Fields
Mercantile Lofts
Meremont
Meridale
Merriwether & Davison
Mockingbird Gardens
Mockingbird Terrace
Monticello Place
Netherwood
Nicholson
Norton Commons
Notting Hill
Oak Hill Estates
Old Louisville
Orell Station
Original Highlands
Owl Creek
Park Duvalle
Park Terrace
Parklane
Parkside
Pavilion Park
Peerless Ct
Persimmon Ridge
Pine Valley Estates
Plainview
Plantation
Plymouth Village
Polo Fields
Polo Fields Heritage
Poplar Lakes
Portland
Primrose Meadows
Pusey Addn
Regency Three
Reserve Of Fox Run
Ridge At Old Henry
Rileywood Estates
Rivers Landing
Rock Springs
Rolling Fields
Russell
Sanctuary Bluff
Saratoga Springs
Schnitzelburg
Scottsdale
Shacklette Acres
Shakes Run
Shawnee
Shelby Park
Shively
Signature Point
Silver Oaks
Southern Acres
Spring Farm Lake
Spring Station
Spring Villa
Springhill
Springhurst
St Matthews
St Regis Park
Sterling Springs Estates
Stines Realty Company
Stone Lakes
Stone Lakes Estates
Strathmoor
Strathmoor Village
Summit Gardens
Sun Valley
Swan Pointe
Sycamore
The Estates Of St Anthony
The George
The Greens At Long Run Park
The Ridge At Old Henry
The Springs Of Glenmary
The Villas
Timothy Hills
Treasure Island
Trinity Hills
Tuscany Ridge
Urton Woods
Valencia At Landis Lake
Valhalla Vista
Valley Farms
Vantage Point
Villas At Dorsey
Villas Of Glenmary Village
Washington Square
Waterfront Park Place
Wellington
West End
Westholme
Westwood
Wilke Ridge
Willowgate
Windgate Meadows
Wolfcreek
Woodmere
Woods Of Farnsley Moorman
Woods Of St Andrews
Woodstone
Zorn Place